dnes je 24.6.2019
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Production

3.8.2018, , Zdroj: Verlag Dashöfer

1501
Production

Edward Thomas

1. PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS

There are three well known types of production:

A) Job production – where the whole product is made by one person or group of persons to meet a specific short-term need

B) Batch production – where products are produced in groups which are the same or similar which may be made only when needed

C) Flow production – when the same or similar products are made without stopping because they are always wanted.

Can you match the terms to these longer descriptions? Which producer makes:

A) Barometers for retirees,

B) Ready-meals for busy working people,

C) Mobile phones?

1) „These products are produced as and when we have an order for them. That will depend on the demand from the consumer, which in our case depends on the season and even the weather. It may also depend on promotional or advertising policy. Since we have a range of foods, we have types of food for warmer weather (for example pasta salad), and for cooler weather (for example Lasagne). We can use the same machines for many products. The main differences are the container size and the size of the product seals needed. Our lines are adjustable and so adaptable to many products so that we can respond to the changing market rapidly.”

2) „Each gift is unique, individual. When a company says goodbye to a long-term employee they sometimes want to do it in style. I offer a range of shapes of wood, designs and finishes and will work to the specifications of the customer- which is why I can describe my products as fully customized.”

3) „Because demand for our products is pretty stable we can operate our production lines continuously. Each line is finely adjusted to the product being made and we don't like to make too many changes- standardisation is a fundamental feature of handsets. Customers expect to buy a specific model with its fixed design and features without any defects- that's why so many can be sold online today”

Correct answers are here1

2. PRODUCTION AND THE USE OF THE PASSIVE

When we describe processes we want to focus on the steps or stages of activity, rather than the people who do these activities. That's why it's common for descriptions of production to use passive forms ie. adding the verb „to be” in the right form, and making the main verb past eg. I made = it was made by me. It also increases the scientific „feel” of the writing, which is useful for presentational reasons. Look at the process description of a production line below. Can you first of all arrange the sentences to make sense, and secondly add the missing words from the selection below with the correct passive forms?


convey, check, seal, operate, arrange, carry out, stop, locate, equip, intend, place, fill up, have been done

The Food Factory

A) At the end of the line there is a sealer which may be automatic or 1. …………………………… manually depending on the volume of production and type of product. The products 2. …………………………… by heat-on-plastic, and then 3. …………………………… by operatives to ensure that the seals 4. …………………………… effectively.

B) They 5. …………………………… down the line on a mechanical conveyor belt and pasta and sauces are added in a predefined sequence.

C) Each 6. …………………………… - with a variety of machines- mostly automated dispensers or hoppers

D) At the head of each line the right-sized dishes 7. …………………………… on the moving line by one or two workers.

E) If a problem occurs on the line the conveyor belt can 8. …………………………… immediately if an operative pulls on the emergency cord which 9. …………………………… just above head height all along the line. This 10. …………………………… to protect against product defects and personal injury for operatives.

F) The automatic hoppers and dispensers 11. …………………………… by the line manager and his assistant.

G) The production lines 12. …………………………… in parallel - there are seven on our factory floor.

H) Additional checks and tests 13. …………………………… frequently by quality control staff.

Correct answers are here2

3. PRODUCTION: KEY WORDS

The following sentences come from the manufacturing context. Can you use the words from the box below to complete them properly?


location, tack rate, lead time, quality control, plant, distribution, order book, suppliers, capacity, components, defects, line productivity

1) We're only operating at half …………………………… right now - the low level of our …………………………… …………………………… means that we just can let ourselves produce very much.

2) Please can you contact our …………………………… and tell them we need more of the A27 ……………………………?

3) The …………………………… of our …………………………… gives us access to the major road and rail network we need for the …………………………… of our products.

4) Even at the highest possible …………………………… …………………………… of our production lines, we will need a …………………………… …………………………… of seven days to be able to provide you with the order you have requested.

5) The hard part for any manufacturer is to balance …………………………… …………………………… with the need for …………………………… ……………………………. To keep stopping and starting the line is bad, but so is finding that the products have …………………………….

Correct answers are here3

4. THE PRODUCTION MANAGER

Read through the text below about Cargill manufacturing, then answer true or false to the questions below it (if you don't know, answer false). Focus carefully too on the highlighted words. On the page following it, you will see a table with short descriptions of the words. Can you combine the descriptions with the correct words?

„Hi, I'm Mike Smithson, production manager at Cargill's air vents. Basically, we manufacture air vent components for the car industry.

Our location is important to us - it allows us to distribute our products via motorways to nearby large car manufacturing plants.

At the moment our suppliers - mainly of raw materials that we turn into plastic fittings - are not too happy with us. We've cut back on our orders, and some we have cancelled.

The problem is that our own order book is only half-full - our customers are having problems with demand too! Our inventory of raw materials just isn't being used up the way it was when demand was stronger.

As you can imagine, our production lines are not as busy as they were, their tack rate is much lower. The plus side for us is that we can work on reducing our numbers of defects - we aim for zero defects, of course.

When we are operating at half capacity, as we are, we can work at making our production lines more efficient and in that way reduce our lead times - the amount of time it takes between starting and finishing the production process. Obviously in quiet times like these we concentrate on improving processes and quality control.”

True or False?

1) Cargill make parts for cars. ……………………………

2) Cargill's factory is close to its suppliers. ……………………………

3) Cargill have reduced their order for basic materials. ……………………………

4) Cargill are operating at 80 % of their maximum. ……………………………

5) Cargill are losing customers to competitors. ……………………………

6) Cargill‘s manufacturing machinery is working less fast than before. ……………………………

7) Cargill are working on making fewer mistakes. ……………………………

8) Cargill are trying to slow down lead times. ……………………………

Correct answers are here4

5. VOCABULARY CHECK

Can you match the words from the Cargill car manufacturing text with their correct descriptions?


1) components (p. noun) a) change from one thing to another
2) distribute (vb) b) list of customers' buying requests
3) plants (p. noun) c) people who buy your products
4) suppliers (p. noun) d) rows of machinery
5) raw materials (p. noun) e) using all of something
6) turn into (vb) f) mistakes in products
7) fittings (p. noun) g) checking if the products are good
8) cut back (vb) h) the total amount of production possible
9) orders (p. noun) i) working with minimum losses
10) cancelled (pp verb) j) how much a product is wanted
11) order book (noun) k) parts of a larger product
12) customers (p. noun) l) places where products are made
13) demand (noun) n) things that you can add to products
14) inventory (noun) o) to make something less
15) used up (pp verb) p) the buying requests of customers
16) production lines (p. noun) q) basic materials used to make other things